Sustainable energy sources make it possible to generate clean, renewable and environmentally friendly energy. In addition, they are inexhaustible, since they are obtained from permanent and natural processes, and there is currently a great diversity and potential to take advantage of them in any corner of the planet. Because of these characteristics, they are also known as green or alternative energies.
Are you wondering what sustainable energy is for? Actually, alternative energy sources contribute to sustainable development and are used for the same purposes as non-renewable sources and fossil fuels (such as coal or oil).
They can also be used for electricity, heating and cooling, transportation, among others, and the big difference is that they do not produce greenhouse gases (which cause climate change) and do not emit pollutants.
While the sustainable use of clean energies is growing worldwide, their cost is decreasing steadily over the last decades, which has made them increasingly competitive sources of energy.
This is how sustainable energy works: it allows us to have the same amount of electrical energy, but without harming the environment. Today, there are many advantages of sustainable energy and its growth and expansion is unstoppable.
In addition, thanks to the advancement of new technologies, storage systems such as Quartux have been created, which allow the generation of electricity from sustainable sources.
Through this platform, it is now a reality to use electrical energy more efficiently and at a lower cost for Mexican and international industries and companies located in Mexico.
Non-polluting sustainable energy sources are those that have a very low ecological impact and whose characteristics allow them to contribute to the conservation of biological diversity.
The different energy sources for sustainable development are natural sources that contribute to create alternative energies, that is, to produce energy with natural resources, which directly helps humanity's fight against climate change and global warming, by taking care of the environment and making it more sustainable.
In this way, sustainable energy sources are essential for development. The main types of energy for sustainable development are solar energy (obtained with photovoltaic and thermal installations), wind energy, hydraulic or hydroelectric energy and geothermal energy.
While perhaps its only limitation is that it can only be produced during the day, this too has a solution, and innovative companies like Quartux have a major role to play: see here why solar panels and energy storage systems are the perfect combination.
In addition, among the main benefits of solar radiation as a sustainable energy source is its inexhaustibility, since the sun is expected to continue to exist for at least 5 billion more years.
This has consolidated solar energy as the main source of sustainable energy in the world and has made it a great option for the transition to green energy.
Hydropower or hydroelectric energy uses water (a renewable energy source for a sustainable future), which comes from freshwater streams and rivers. Wind energy is produced by using the force of the wind and the movement of air masses to transform mechanical energy (produced by movement) into electrical energy.
Tidal energy, biomass and biogas are also part of the new energy sources that promote sustainable development and generate electricity. As for biomass and biogas, these new sustainable energy sources are extracted from organic matter.
In Mexico, energy produced from renewable sources doubled in the last decade, from 13,515 MW to 25,648 MW between 2010 and 2019, according to figures from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).
As of 2019, Mexico already had 50 photovoltaic parks distributed in 15 states, 66 hydroelectric plants in 15 states and 68 wind farms located in 14 states, in addition to four geothermal projects.
Although the advances are very positive, it is important to continue with all these efforts so that the country is in a position to comply with the commitments against climate change acquired in the Paris Agreement, such as the reduction by 2030 of 22% in greenhouse gas emissions and 51% in black carbon emissions.